What is Otoplasty?
Otoplasty literally means ear aesthetics. It is the process of reshaping the auricle, that is, the auricle, and making it more natural and aesthetic.
For Whom Otoplasty Surgery Is Performed?
Otoplasty can be done to anyone who is not satisfied with the shape of the ear. Problems such as ear size, prominent prominent (absence or weakness of the antihelix, hypertrophy of the cavum turbinate) can be achieved with various techniques, resulting in natural and patient satisfaction. Prominent ear is the most ideal time, especially in preschool children, on average 5 years of age. The fact that the prominent ear is a joke at school affects the child psychology quite negatively.
How is Ear Surgery done?
Ear aesthetics for young children is performed under general anesthesia. In adults, it can be done using sedatives and under local anesthesia. If the patient is very worried, general anesthesia can be preferred. The operation takes approximately 1-2 hours.
Ear aesthetics begins with the removal of a spindle-shaped piece of skin from the back of the auricle. To create folds, the parts to be stitched are marked. The cartilage is brought to a consistency that will bend from the appropriate areas. The angle here is narrowed with sutures between the base of the ear and the skull bone membrane. In some ear structures, after the fold is formed on the auricle, it is observed that the earlobe is expected to rotate backwards with the pulling of the auricle, but this does not happen, and even more prominently it turns forward. In such problems, a small amount of tissue is removed from the back of the earlobe with a special technique, and the earlobe is returned to the back. The ear surgery is completed by repairing the skin behind the ear with aesthetic sutures. Patients who underwent surgery under local anesthesia can return to their homes on the same day.
Usually, the patient is seen on the first day after the surgery and the dressing is changed or removed. There is not much pain after the surgery; A slight pain may occur that can be controlled with painkillers and varies from person to person. It is recommended to wear a headband day and night for a week; for the next few weeks, it is desirable to wear it only at night. Children can start school after a week, while adults can return to work earlier. Physical activity is restricted for 10-14 days and contact sports are restricted for at least two months. By this time, the scar behind the ear is gradually decreasing day by day. Since the incisions are behind the ear, the scar is camouflaged and usually does not cause cosmetic problems.